Everyone hates paying taxes and always are on lookout for Options to Save Tax. However the income tax rules in India are complicated and its becoming more so in recent years. Budget 2020 introduced the concept of New Tax Regime, then there were several changes to the laws in 2020. Thankfully Budget 2021 has been less event full with very minor tweaking to the income tax rules. In this post we try to explore – What is the Maximum Income Tax I can save for FY 2021-22?
To make it simple, we have listed all the tax saving tax sections in the table below. This will help you check if you have taken advantage of the relevant section. We have also published eBook which tells you about all options to save tax that are available to an individual (both salaried & business).
Options to Save Tax for FY 2021-22
Broadly speaking If you are able to avail all these sections you can make more than Rs 14 Lakhs income tax free. But unfortunately not all sections would be applicable for you. The table below gives the details of all the tax exemptions available:
|Maximum Tax Exemption Limit (Rs.)
|80C/ 80CCC/ 80CCD
|Investment in EPF, ELSS, PPF, FD, NPS, NSC, Pension Plans, Life Insurance, SCSS, SSA and NPS. Also includes Home Loan Principal repayment, Tuition Fees, Stamp Duty. Best Tax Saving Investments u/s 80C
|Investment in NPS (Should you Invest Rs 50,000 in NPS to Save Tax u/s 80CCD (1B)?)
|Interest paid on Home Loan for Self occupied homes. You can claim claim Tax Benefit on both HRA & Home Loan – Know How?
|Additional Tax Deduction of Rs 1.5 lakhs on home loans on purchase of affordable home (subject to certain conditions)
|Additional tax deduction of Rs 1.5 lakhs for payment of interest on auto loan taken for purchase of electric vehicles
|Interest paid on Education Loan. No Limit – Rs 50,000 is just an assumed value Tax Benefit on Education Loan (Sec 80E)
|Premium payment for medical insurance for self and parents. Includes Rs 5,000 limit for preventive health checkup Making Sense of Tax Benefit on Health Insurance u/s 80D
|Treatment of Serious illness for self and dependents (Limit of Rs 1,00,000 for Senior Citizens and Rs 40,000 for others)
|Physically Disabled Tax payer (Rs 75,000 for 40% to 80% disability and Rs 1,25,000 for more than 80%)
|Physically Disabled Dependent (Rs 75,000 for 40% to 80% disability and Rs 1,25,000 for more than 80%)
|Donation to approved charitable funds like Prime Minister Relief fund, etc (assumed value)
|Donations for scientific research or rural development (assumed value)
|Donations to political parties (assumed value)
|Interest received in Savings Account Which bank offers highest interest rate on savings account?
|Interest Income for Senior Citizens Only Learn all about Section 80TTB
|Interest up to Rs 3,500 for single holder account and up to Rs 7,000 for joint account in Post Office Saving Account
|For Rent Expenses who do have HRA component in salary How to Claim Tax Benefit for Rent Paid u/s 80GG?
|Maximum Tax Exemption Possible (Rs.)
Though 14 Lakhs sounds big amount but most people would avail only few of the above. Here is the reason:
- Rs 1.5 Lakhs exemption for donation: People donate for a cause and their passion/empathy and not to save taxes. It’s just that tax exemption sweetens the deal!
- Rs 2.5 Lakhs exemption on account of tax payer or his dependent being physically disabled. This is a much needed exemption but applies to very few tax payers.
- Rs 1,00,000 deduction for treatment of serious illness is something that very few tax payers would take advantage of.
So out of Rs 14 lakhs, around 5 lakhs exemption would be claimed by very few tax payers and in special cases only.
How to Pay 0 Income Tax on Salary of Rs 20+ Lakh?
Salary components and salary structure plays a very important role in how much income tax you pay. We have come up with some optimised salary structure using which you pay NO income tax even with CTC of more than Rs 20 Lakhs.
Most tax payers even after using all the tax saving sections would be able to claim tax benefit up to Rs 6 to 6.5 Lakhs.
Tax Saving Sections Options to Save Tax for FY 2021-22
Below is the recap of all tax saving sections:
Section 80C/80CCC/80CCD: Investment in EPF, ELSS, PPF, FD, NPS, NSC, Pension Plans, Life Insurance, SCSS, SSA and NPS. Also includes Home Loan Principal repayment, Tuition Fees, Stamp Duty (Best Tax Saving Investments u/s 80C)
Section 80CCD(1B): Investment in NPS (Should you Invest Rs 50,000 in NPS to Save Tax u/s 80CCD (1B)?)
How much Taxes you Need to Pay this Year? Download Our Income Tax Calculator to Know your Numbers
Do you know how much tax you need to pay for the year? Have you taken benefit of all tax saving rules and investments? Should you use the “NEW” tax regime or continue with the old one? In case you have all these questions just Download the Free Excel Income Tax Calculator for FY 2021-22 (AY 2022-23) and get your answers.
Section 24: Interest paid on Home Loan for Self occupied homes. Budget 2017 has capped the limit to Rs 2 Lakhs for both rented and self-occupied house. You can claim claim Tax Benefit on both HRA & Home Loan – Know How?
Section 80EEA: Additional exemption on Home Loan Interest for First time home buyers. (Budget 2019)
Section 80EEB: Additional tax deduction of Rs 1.5 lakhs for payment of interest on auto loan taken for purchase of electric vehicles. (Budget 2019)
Section 80E: Interest paid on Education Loan. No upper/lower Limit! (Tax Benefit on Education Loan (Sec 80E))
Section 80CCG: Budget 2017 removed this tax exemption for RGESS
Section 80D: Premium payment for medical insurance for self and parents. Also includes Rs 5,000 limit for preventive health checkup (Making Sense of Tax Benefit on Health Insurance u/s 80D)
Are you Paying Too much Taxes? Download your free presentation
Are you worried that you are paying too much in income tax? Are you aware of all the changes in the tax laws? Where should you invest to save taxes? Do you know all tax sections that you can use to save your tax. Download a concise 43 page presentation free to answer all the above questions and save your taxes – legally.
Section 80DDB: Treatment of Serious illness for self and dependents (Limit of Rs 80,000 for person above 80 years, Rs 60,000 for person above 60 years and Rs 40,000 for rest)
Section 80U: Physically Disabled Tax payer (Rs 75,000 for 40% to 80% disability and Rs 1,25,000 for more than 80%)
Section 80DD: Physically Disabled Dependent (Rs 75,000 for 40% to 80% disability and Rs 1,25,000 for more than 80%)
Section 80G: Donation to approved charitable funds like Prime Minister Relief fund, etc
Section 80GGA: Donations for scientific research or rural development
Section 80GGC: Donations to political parties
Section 80TTA: Interest received in Savings Account
Section 80TTB: Interest income for Senior Citizens. They can use either 80TTA or 80TTB but not both together.
Tax Free Salary Components
There are components in salary which are fully or partially tax exempt. For example HRA is tax exempt if you satisfy certain conditions. You can have the complete list in the post: Must have Tax Free components in Salary.
Section 80GG: In case you do not receive HRA from employer or are self-employed but NO house in your name (Claim Tax Benefit for Rent Paid u/s 80GG)
We hope this would help you to maximise your income tax savings for FY 2021-22!