Every year there are changes in the Income Tax rules of India in the Union Budget. Keeping these changes in mind we come up with our Income Tax Calculator India every year. The latest budget was presented in February 2020 and made the following changes.
- 1 Income Tax Changes in Union Budget 2020
- 2 Download Income Tax Calculator in Excel
- 3 How to use the Income Tax Calculator India for FY 2020-21 (AY 2021-22)?
- 3.1 Section 1: Basic Details
- 3.2 Section 2: Salary Income
- 3.3 Section 3: Income from other sources
- 3.4 Section 4: Loss from Home Loan Interest
- 3.5 Section 5: Tax Deductions – Chapter VI A
- 3.6 Section 6: More Tax Deductions
- 3.7 Section 7: Income Tax Calculation (Old Tax Slabs)
- 3.8 Section 9: Calculating Income Tax with New Tax Slab under new Regime
- 4 How to Calculate Income Tax in India?
- 5 Excel based Income Tax Calculator India for Previous Years
- 6 Income Tax Calculator India FAQs
Income Tax Changes in Union Budget 2020
The biggest change in Budget 2020 regarding income tax was introduction of new tax slabs in case you do not want to take benefit of various tax deductions like standard deduction, Chapter VI A deductions, HRA benefit, LTA, home loan interest for self-occupied homes etc.
Now you have the option to choose on what you want to follow:
- New Tax Slabs but forgoing all tax deductions
- Continue with old tax slabs with all tax deductions
The income tax calculator India calculates the tax outgo using both the above tax slabs and you can choose what suits you.
Download Income Tax Calculator in Excel
You can download the income tax calculator 2020 (for FY 2020-21) in excel by clicking the button below.
How to use the Income Tax Calculator India for FY 2020-21 (AY 2021-22)?
The picture below shows how the income tax calculator India for FY 2020-21 (AY 2021-22) looks like. You can edit all cells in Orange colour.
Section 1: Basic Details
The top cells ask for your name and PAN Number. It’s optional field and is meant in case you want to use it for multiple people.
Date of Birth is mandatory field as the tax slab is different for people aged below 60, between 60 to 80 years and more than 80 years.
Section 2: Salary Income
The next fields ask information about gross salary income.
- In case you are employed, get HRA and rent out do fill in the details
- Standard Deduction is Rs 50,000 from Budget 2019 onwards and is applicable to salaried and pensioners only.
- Do mention Any Other Exempted Receipts/ allowances like LTA, etc
- In case you have paid Professional Tax as happens in Maharashtra and some other states do mention that. This is tax exempt.
Tax Free Salary Components
There are components in salary which are fully or partially tax exempt. For example HRA is tax exempt if you satisfy certain conditions. You can have the complete list in the post: Must have Tax Free components in Salary.
Section 3: Income from other sources
Input all the other income like Interest income from fixed or recurring deposits. You can also include income from gifts received if its more than Rs 50,000 and from non-relatives.
Section 4: Loss from Home Loan Interest
In case you have home loan, fill up the columns to reflect the same. You get tax benefit on interest under section 24. Budget 2018 onwards there is additional benefit for first time buyers of affordable homes. You can also claim tax benefit on interest paid on home improvement loan.
HRA & Home Loan Benefit at same Time – Possible?
Many employer (& employers) are confused if they can take advantage of both HRA and Home Loan for saving tax. This seems intuitive as how can you pay for home loan and also live on rent. However just for your information its completely legal to take advantage of both HRA & Home Loan as there are multiple situations where you need to live on rent but still pay home loan. You can read more about this our post – Can I claim Tax Benefit on both HRA & Home Loan?
Section 5: Tax Deductions – Chapter VI A
Fill in the tax deductions you want to claim. It covers Section 80C for investments like EPF, VPF, PPF, SCSS, etc.
Additionally, you can claim tax deduction up to Rs 50,000 by investing in NPS u/s 80CCD(1B). this is in addition to Section 80C.
Best Investment to Save Tax
Section 80C offers more than 10 investments where you can invest to save tax, However many a times you need not actually do this investment as its already covered due to expenses like children tuition fee or automatic EPF deduction for salaried. In case you are new to taxes and investment do read our helpful guide on How to take maximum advantage of Section 80C and choose the best investment to save tax.
Section 6: More Tax Deductions
There are several cases where you can claim tax deductions like buying medical insurance, etc. Mention the same accordingly.
- Medical Insurance premiums (for Self or parents)
- Interest Paid on Education Loan
- Medical Treatment of handicapped Dependent
- Expenditure on Selected Medical Treatment for self/ dependent
- Donation to approved funds
- For Rent in case of NO HRA Component (Budget 2016)
- For Physically Disable Assesse
- In case your employer contributes to NPS account on your behalf, you can claim up to 10% of your basic salary as tax deductible.
- There is also tax deduction for interest paid on purchase of electric vehicles.
Section 7: Income Tax Calculation (Old Tax Slabs)
This section is auto-computed based on your inputs and displays your final tax outgo. There
Section 9: Calculating Income Tax with New Tax Slab under new Regime
This section computes the Income Tax with Lower Tax Slab under new Regime announced in Budget 2020. This would help you to determine which tax regime suits you.
How to Calculate Income Tax in India?
In case you want to calculate your income tax without using the Income Tax India calculator, it’s not very difficult. You need to follow following steps using the below example.
Amit is salaried employee with following salary structure.
- Basic Salary: Rs 6,00,000
- HRA: Rs 3,00,000
- Special Allowance: Rs 60,000
- LTA: Rs 40,000
- Total CTC: Rs 10,00,000
Step 1: Calculate Gross total income from salary:
The table below shows the calculation for gross taxable income from salary.
|Component||Amount (Rs.)||Exemption/ Deduction||Old regime||New regime|
|LTA||40,000||40,000 (bills submitted)||0||40,000|
|Standard Deduction||–||50,000||– 50,000|
|Gross Total Income from Salary||–||–||670,000||1,000,000|
Step 2: Tax Deductions
Amit had made the following investments to save tax. These will be deducted from the gross income to arrive at net taxable income.
- EPF deduction from salary – Rs 60,000
- PPF Investment – Rs 1,50,000
- Medical Insurance Premium – Rs 25,000
- Total Tax Deduction = Rs 1,50,000 + 25,000 = Rs 1,75,000 (PPF & EPF both come under section 80C and have a tax deduction upper limit of Rs 1.5 lakh)
Step 3: Other Income
Amit also had Rs 20,000 from interest from fixed deposits with banks.
Step 4: Net Taxable Income
The table below shows the Net Taxable Income for Amit
|Nature||Old Tax Regime||New Tax Regime|
|Income from Salary||670,000||1,000,000|
|Income from Other Sources||20,000||20,000|
|Total Taxable Income||515,000||1,020,000|
Step 5: Calculating using Income Tax Formula
|up to Rs 250,000||Tax Exempt||0|
|Rs 250,000 to 500,000||5% || (5% * (500,000 – 250,000)||12,500|
|Rs 500,000 to 1,000,000||20% || (20% *(515,000 – 500,000)||3,000|
|Cess||4% || (4% of 15,500)||620|
|Total Tax Payable||–||16,120|
|up to Rs 250,000||Tax Exempt||0|
|Rs 250,000 to 500,000||5% || (5% * (500,000 – 250,000)||12,500|
|Rs 500,000 to 750,000||10% || (10% * (750,000 – 500,000)||25,000|
|Rs 750,000 to 1,000,000||15% || (15% * (1,000,000 – 750,000)||37,500|
|Rs 1,000,000 to 1,250,000||20% || (20% * (1,020,000 – 1,000,000)||4,000|
|Cess||4% || (4% of 79,000)||3,160|
|Total Tax payable||–||82,160|
As you can see the tax liability changes hugely depending on what tax regime you choose. So you should plan carefully. You can also check the official Income Tax website for calculating your income tax.
How to Pay 0 Income Tax on Salary of Rs 20+ Lakh (FY 2020-21)?
As you can see with the above income tax calculation, salary components and salary structure plays a very important role in how much income tax you pay. We have come up with some optimised salary structure using which you pay NO income tax even with CTC of more than Rs 20 Lakhs.
Excel based Income Tax Calculator India for Previous Years
You can download the Income Tax Calculator in Excel for Previous financial years from the links below. Here is the link
- Income Tax Calculator for FY 2019-20
- FY 2018-19
- FY 2017-18
- FY 2016-17
- FY 2015-16
- FY 2014-15
- FY 2013-14
- FY 2012-13
- FY 2011-12
Income Tax Calculator India FAQs
✅ Should I go with New or Old Tax Slab?
You should do the calculation using our income tax calculator and check yourself. In most cases if you do tax saving investments and get salary components tax deduction, you should follow the old tax slab.
✅ Is Tax Deduction different than Tax Exemption?
You may find both Tax Deduction and Tax exemption terms used interchangeably. But technically both terms have different meaning.
Tax Deduction means you can deduct those from your income. This could be investments like PPF, etc that you do under section 80C. This is tax deducted up to Rs 1.5 lakhs.
Tax Exemption means the income is not taxable like interest earned on PPF.
✅ Do NRIs need to pay Income Tax in India?
NRIs (Non-resident Indians) and foreigners have to pay income tax in India on income accrued in India.
✅ What is surcharge on Income Tax?
For certain high-income tax payers, the government of India has introduced surcharge. As of FY 2020-21 the surcharge is as follows:
Less than Rs 50 Lakh – No Surcharge
Rs 50 lakh to 1 crore – 10%
Rs 1 crore to 2 crores – 15%
Rs 2 crores to 5 crores – 25%
More than Rs 5 crores – 37%
✅ What is Cess on Income Tax?
All tax payers have to pay 4% of Income Tax as health and Education cess. This cess is said to be used for the above purpose.